Scientists are calling for a re-evaluation of psychodysleptic plants in the context of research and taxonomy. Psychoactive plants such as peyote and cannabis are staple ingredients in Native American rituals. However the effects and intensity of each compound greatly depends on its preparation, therefore scientists are proposing a framework for several classification groups:
- Hallucinogens – psilocybin mushrooms and mescaline cacti which are able to induce change of perception in an individual, intensification of cognitive enhancement.
- Trance-inducers – causes the subject to be quiet, causes abstraction and lethargy, mild sensorial cognitive changes, and salient visual imagery changes. Commonly experienced after ingesting the ergoline Convolvulaceae and the South American Banisteriopsis.
- Cognodysleptics – the experience of thought alteration, heightened imagination and effective functions after consuming plants that contain terpene and marijuana (tetrahydrocannabinol).
- Deliriants tropanes – includes Solanaceae, wild tobacco, and Amanita muscaria (muscimol) which causes hallucination characterized by dim and clouded realization, trance, bewilderment, incomprehension, awareness distortion, recall difficulty, nervousness, tetchiness, excitement, and misbehavior in an individual.
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